A person-centered model of pain care based on the principles and practices of integrative medicine, including a focus on the restoration of function, health, and wellness. This model is guided by evidence and shared decision making between practitioner and patient to employ an individualized therapeutic spectrum of biological, interventional, and lifestyle approaches.

Robert Alan Bonakdar,
Integrative Pain Management,
Medical Clinics of North America,

Links and Resources:

SAMHSA-HRSA Center for Integrated Health Solutions – Article on Pain Management

WedMD Information on Pain Management

Caring Ambassadors

American Public Health Association

List of non-drug treatments for pain relief-Organizations as diverse as the American College of Physicians, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend non-drug treatments as the first course of action for chronic pain. Some examples include:

  • Exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Yoga
  • Acupuncture
  • Chiropractic
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Biofeedback
  • Relaxation therapy

Research is still inconclusive on how effective some of these therapies are, though many patients have reported success. Be sure to consult a healthcare provider as you consider trying them.